REGULATIONS ON THE EXTRAORDINARY MEASURES FOR MAINTAINING
THE REVOLUTIONARY ORDER IN THE GEORGIAN SSR
I. General Provisions
1. In case of breach of the normal public
order, the extraordinary measures can be introduced in a form of special situation
or the state of emergency.
2. The special situation can be introduced:
a) In case of counter-revolutionary
encroachment upon the workers and peasants government or its
certain representatives, or if there is a threat of such actions.
b) In case of frequent infringement of the
individuals and the citizens’ property
c) In case of breach of normal life due to the
d) As a provisional measure for restoration of
public order on the territories, this has been under the state of emergency;
3. The State of Emergency can be introduced:
a) In cases provided for in Article 2 if the
measures taken on the basis of special situation fail to protect and restore
the revolutionary order;
b) If certain territory becomes the place of
military operations or has special importance for military purposes;
introduction of special measures for protecting the revolutionary order shall
be considered valid from the moment of announcing the Decree issued by the
relevant organ through publishing in the local newspaper or posting the
official announcement in many places.
The exact term of introduction of the special measures shall be pointed
out in the announcement.
5. After removing the extraordinary measures
introduced in the course of special situation or the state of emergency,
validity of all of the decrees or instructions issued by the competent organ
shall be terminated without adopting of any special resolution.
II. Extraordinary Situation
6. Extraordinary Situation shall be introduced on
the basis of the Decree issued by the Presidium of the Central Executive
Committee of Georgia upon submission of the Council of Public Commissars of the
Georgian SSR or the central executive committees of the Union SSR of Abkhazia,
Autonomous SSR of Adjara and Autonomous oblast of
7. The central executive committees of the
Abkhaz SSR, Autonomous SSR of Adjara and the
Autonomous Oblast of South Ossetia, as well as the
District and Regional executive committees and their presidiums are entitled to
introduce the special situation in the following cases: a) if there is no
possibility to communicate to the central power, or b) if the immediate
measures are necessary and calls for the introduction of special situation is
The central executive committees of the
aforementioned republics and autonomous oblast shall inform promptly the
Council of Public Commissars of the Georgian SSR or the Central Executive
Committee of Georgia about introducing the special measures.
8. The Decree shall state the exact place
(republic, autonomous oblast, district, city) subject
to the Extraordinary Situation.
9. The Extraordinary Situation shall be
introduced no more then three-month term.
Extension of the term shall be carried out in accordance of rules specified
for in Article 6. Pre-term termination
of the extraordinary situation shall be carried out on the basis of Decree
issued by the Presidium of the central Executive Committee of Georgia.
10. In time of extraordinary situation the
whole power under the competence of the District executive committee (in the
places where such is not established – of the regional executive committees and
in the Autonomous Oblast of South Ossetia – of the
Central Executive committee) shall be taken by their Presidiums.
The respective presidiums shall decide the
issue on convening the Executive Committees.
11. If the Extraordinary Situation is
introduced on the whole territory of the District, the respective Presidium of
the Central Executive Committee may appoint, upon submission of the Council of
Public Commissars, the plenipotentiary representative to chair the Presidium of
the District Executive Committee.
12. The Presidium of the district executive
committee shall inform promptly the relevant Public Commissariat of Internal
Affairs about the measures taken in the course of Extraordinary Situation.
III. Martial Law
15. The martial law on the territory that is
not the theatre of war shall be introduced on the basis of Decree issued by the
Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the
The martial law may be introduced upon the
Decree of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of Georgia on the
very exceptional basis; such decision shall be promptly delivered to the
presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the Trans-Caucasus of the
16. When: 1) there is no possibility to
communicate to the central organs of the USSR, either to the central organs of
Georgian SSR, or 2) the situation needs immediate interference – the central executive
committees of the Abkhaz SSR, Autonomous SSR of Adjara
and of the Autonomous Oblast of South Ossetia, as
well as the District executive committees are authorized to introduce the
martial law and deliver this decision for approval to the Presidium of the
Central Executive Committee of the USSR through the Presidium of the Central
Executive Committee of Georgia and the Presidium of the Central Executive
Committee of the Trans-Caucasus.
17. The supreme power on the territory, which
is the subject of introduction of the martial law, shall be given the
military-revolutionary committees operating on the basis of Regulations
approved by the Central Executive Committee of Georgia.