APPEAL TO THE THIRD
EXTRAORDINARY CONGRESS OF THE PEOPLE’S DEPUTIES OF THE RUSSIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST
On 31 March of this year the Congress of the
RSFSR adopted the Resolution on the situation in South
Authoritative tone of the said Resolution, in
addition to the interference in the domestic affairs of Georgia, may
not be adequate for such a great Forum.
It is also notable that the Resolution was
adopted without proper consideration.
The Congress of the People’s Deputies of the RSFSR adopted the
Resolution only on the basis of information covered by central media
means. They had no time to listen to the
representative of the Republic of Georgia, learn the real situation established in the
Republic, investigate the reasons of conflict in the former Autonomous Republic
of South Ossetia and investigate the culpability of those who had organized
anti-Georgian putsch and violated the state sovereignty and territorial
integrity of the Republic
Regarding the Resolution I should make the
Ossetian extremists supported morally and physically by reactionary
forces, including the modern military equipment, bear the burden of
responsibility for the events developed in 1990-1991 in the historical homeland
of Georgians – in Shida Kartli, which was turned into the South Ossetian
Autonomous Oblast by Bolsheviks in 1922, through the negligence of moral and
legal norms. In fact they have more
supporters in the Union Government.
called South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast is a result of barefaced armed
intervention, occupation and annexation of Georgia by the Red Army. The RCP
(b) used the Ossetian population of Shida Kartli in 1918-1921 against the
legitimate government of the Republic
of Georgia, which unyoked
itself from the Russian Empire and started developing the genuine democracy,
thus rejecting the idea of proletariat’s dictatorship. Therefore, the mines planted in 1920 by the
RCP (b) become explosive today.
Everything is being developed on the basis of old principles. We assumed that the Democratic Russia would
stand with Georgian people to protect our state sovereignty making unable the
Center and other forces to violate the territorial integrity of our republics
and against the will of the forces that support the idea of “Renewed
Federation”, but in fact make our republics the hostages in the hands of the
Problem of Shida Kartli (there is no such notion as “South Ossetia”, or
“the South of Ossetia”) is a matter of internal affairs of the Republic of Georgia;
however, we are ready to cooperate with the republics of the RSFSR as the case
also implies the interests of the Republic
of North Ossetia. This way is considered in the Protocol of 23
March 1991 on the meeting and negotiations of the Chairman of the Supreme
Council of the RSFSR B.N. Yeltsin and the Chairman of the Supreme Council of
the Republic of Georgia Z.K. Gamsakhurdia. However, the Government of the Republic of Georgia
finds inadmissible the unilateral intervention in the internal affairs of the Republic of Georgia through advancing the
requirements in a form of ultimatums on restoring the status of the autonomous
oblast, releasing T. Kulumbekov and other “unlawfully detained” persons. (Who
actually determined the unlawfulness of the said decision?!). Seems the forces with Imperial ambitions are
developing the single front for fighting against the parliament of the Republic of Georgia.
The latter is legitimately elected and has the aspiration to bring back Georgia’s independence
– forcibly taken away in February 1921, and to restore the historical justice. This position is supported by the vast
majority of Georgia’s
population, and it is proved by the results of the Referendum in which 95% of
the voters participated. 99.6% of the
voters indorsed the idea of restoring of the independent Georgia on the basis of Declaration
of 26 May 1918. Given the fact that
non-Georgian nationals represent 30% of the population it becomes clear that
ongoing processes in our republic are fair and irreversible, and the social
base providing the fundamental for the parliament of Georgia is genuinely multinational.
The Referendum of 31 March is the true
historical event paving the way towards Georgia’s freedom and
independence. On the same day the
Congress of the Russian SFSR adopted the Resolution that is a mere support to
the imperialistic ambitions of the Soviet Government. The aforementioned is clearly demonstrated in
the Appeal of the Congress to the President of the USSR
and to the Council of Federation of the USSR
in which they ask to take “immediate measures for normalizing the situation in South Ossetia”.
What kind of consequences may entail such
prompt measures of the central Government aimed at restoring the order You
could witness in Tbilisi, Baku,
and other regions.
It is rather strange that the Resolution was
adopted by the majority, including the Russian democratic forces, allegedly
fighting against the dictatorship and imperialistic ambitions of the Union
Being aware in our true endeavors we at the
same time realized that the Union Government would toughen its position after
the Referendum through taking advantage of the developments in Shida Kartli.
Evidently, another aggression against the Republic of Georgia is being prepared. Unfortunately the Resolution adopted by the
Russian Congress represents the permission for usage of military forces against
the sovereign republic.
Therefore, through adopting such Resolution the
people’s deputies of the Russian SFSR assumed the moral responsibility for the
possible actions of the Union Government against the legitimate democratic
Government, which leads its country towards the independence.
The Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia.
Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia Z. Gamsakhurdia
(Newspaper “Abkhazetis Khma” /Voice of Abkhazia/, # 59, 4 April 1991)