STATEMENT OF THE
PRESIDIUM OF THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA
On 11 December 1990 the
first session of the Supreme Council of Georgia adopted the law “On Abolishing
the Autonomous Oblast of South Ossetia”.
Despite the allegation of the newly elected Supreme Council on
non-abolishing the autonomous entities, the Supreme Council of Georgia had to
make this step due to the following circumstances:
entity of South Ossetia was created in Georgia
in 1921, after the forcible Sovietization of the democratic republic of Georgia
by the Bolshevik Russia. The Autonomous
Oblast was created under the pretext of “history of revolutionary struggle of
Ossetian workers”, which meant the armed revolts against the Democratic
Republic of Georgia in 1918 and 1920, when the Soviet power was declared in
separate villages and the territories joined to the Soviet Russia. In that territory the South Ossetian
Autonomous Oblast was established through the total negligence of the interests
of Georgian population and even against the will of Georgian Bolsheviks. Tskhinvali was artificially chosen as a
center of the Oblast. Only a few
Ossetian families lived there in that time.
In the recent period the
confrontation with Ossetian separatists has drastically intensified, posing the
threat to the territorial integrity and stability of Georgia. Such development could entail the
irreversible consequences. On 20
September 1920 the Oblast Council of the People’s Deputies of South Ossetia
adopted the declaration “On the sovereignty of South Ossetia”, which declared South Ossetia as “… the subject of the Union Treaty and
the International law”, which “…exercises independently the foreign relations
with other subjects of the Federation and with other states”.
On 21 September 1991
the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Georgian SSR abrogated this
declaration; however, this Resolution was neglected and the executive committee
of the "Democratic Republic of
South Ossetia” was created, setting up the elections of the Supreme Council
of the "Democratic Republic of
South Ossetia”. And all of these
developments took place when the historical homeland of the Ossetian nation
existed in a form of the Autonomous
Republic within the
On 22 November 1990 the
newly elected Supreme Council of the Republic
of Georgia abrogated this
Decision and issued the notice to the leadership of South Ossetian Autonomous
oblast regarding the possible liability for this anti-constitutional act.
Despite of this, on 9
December 1990 those anti-constitutional elections were held.
No reaction to this
fact meant de facto recognition of the “Democratic Soviet Republic of Ossetia”
and putting up with the violation of territorial integrity of Georgia.
The leaders of South Ossetia neglected many official warnings; they
refused to start the dialogue and continued separatist action. Therefore, Georgian side failed to solve the
problem through the agreement.
The Supreme Council of
the Republic of Georgia, being guided by the Constitution of the Republic of
Georgia and the Union Constitution, adopted the law “On Abolishing the
Autonomous Oblast of South Ossetia”.
The Law of the Supreme
Council of the Republic
of Georgia was adopted in
compliance with the universally recognized principles of the international
law. Ossetians, living on the territory of Georgia, represent ethnic minority,
which, at the same time, has the nation-state entity on their historical land –
the Soviet Socialist Autonomous Republic of North Ossetia.
on Civil and Political Rights (article 27), Helsinki Final Act of 1975, Final
documents of Madrid
and Vienna Conferences and “Paris Charter for New Europe” of 1990 do not
recognize existence of any nation-state entity for the ethnic minorities.
As for the requirements
of the international law regarding the cultural, religious and language rights
of the national minorities, these rights have never been violated in Georgia, including South
Ossetia. From 145 schools
on the territory
of South Ossetia 90 used
Ossetian as a language of instruction.
There are Ossetian Theater and institutions of higher education, also
periodical publications in Ossetian language.
In Vladikavkaz, which is the historical homeland of Ossetians, the
Ossetian population fails to enjoy such comprehensive cultural autonomy. Protection of the minority rights of
Ossetians in Georgia does
not depend on the existence of nation-state autonomy, as in the rest of Georgia there
are twice more Ossetians, than within the administrative border of former South
Ossetian autonomous oblast, and they have never complained regarding their
The Supreme Council of
the Republic of Georgia repeatedly announced that it
would protect the rights of every citizen representing ethnic minorities in
accordance to the universally recognized principles of the international law.
On the next day of
adoption of the decision by the Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia,
on 12 December, three officers of the law-enforcement body were killed by
machine-gun in the center of Tskhinvali, 3 got heavy wound.
State of emergency and curfew
have been announced in Tskhinvali since 22.00 of December 12, which is
maintained by the units of internal troops of the USSR. However, we fail to take the wounded officers
from Tskhinvali hospital and take them to Gori hospital, as the former is
blocked by the Ossetian population.
(Newspaper “Abkahzetis Khma”/Voice of Abkhazia/, # 239, 15 December