Government of Georgia strives to extend to the populations in Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South
The objective of this engagement policy is to strengthen and complement the efforts of the Georgian government and people to achieve abovementioned goals.
is part of
of the State Strategy on
economic interaction between communities across the dividing lines, improving
socio-economic conditions of the populations on the both sides of the dividing
lines, and including Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali
region/South Ossetia in
- Rehabilitating and developing infrastructure that will enable the movement of goods and people across the dividing lines.
existing mechanisms and developing new means for promoting basic human rights
in Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South
- Improving the quality of, and access to, health care for war-affected populations, as well as promoting their ability to receive education.
- Promoting freedom of movement—as well as people-to-people interaction and contacts across the dividing lines—through identifying areas of common interest and supporting joint inter-community projects and activities in all spheres of mutual interest.
- Supporting the preservation of cultural heritage and identity, and advancing their promotion and exposure both domestically and internationally.
- Promoting the free flow of information across the dividing lines, with the purpose of strengthening understanding and cooperation.
legal avenues to ensure that activities in pursuit of the above-mentioned goals
can be accomplished without compromising the basic principles of this Strategy
- notably the territorial integrity and sovereignty of
Current Status Review
dissolution of the Soviet Union, conflicts erupted in
believes that the Russian invasion and subsequent recognition took place in blatant violation of fundamental principles of international law, notably the principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity. Georgia’s legal position is supported by international law and norms, and reinforced by arrangements concluded during and after the August 2008 war; it is further reinforced by the statements of numerous international forums, including the EU-commissioned “Independent International Fact Finding Mission on the Conflict in Georgia,” which confirmed the illegality of the secession of these regions from Georgia and rejected Russia’s arguments for its invasion and recognition.
the Government of Georgia recognizes the existence of political differences
with segments of the populations of Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali
circumstances, while committed to the full de-occupation of
The Strategy is based on the Constitution of Georgia and the basic principles and norms of international law, conventions to which Georgia has acceded; Georgian legislation, including the Law on Occupied Territories and other appropriate regulations; international agreements signed by Georgia; resolutions by the United Nations and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe; and declarations by the European Union, the Council of Europe, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
rests on the principle that security in Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali
political status of Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali
region/South Ossetia within the state boundaries of
The Strategy reaffirms the necessity of the safe, voluntary, and dignified return of internally displaced persons and refugees, and the reconciliation of war-affected communities, as well as the need to create conditions allowing IDPs and refugees to exercise their right for safe, voluntary, and dignified return.
engagement with populations and/or authorities in control of Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia have no legal bearing on
the principled legal position of the Government of Georgia concerning the
sovereignty and territorial integrity of
particular responsibilities of occupying powers are regulated by international
law, the Government of Georgia emphasizes its responsibility and obligation, as
the expelled sovereign, to engage closely with the populations residing in
Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South
is developed with the conviction that the remaining residents of Abkhazia and
the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia are an integral
recognizes the value of—and supports—the cultural, ethnic, and religious
underlines that policies or activities involving Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia must consider both the
resident and exiled populations of these regions of
of Georgia is determined to create the same opportunities for those populations
who currently reside in Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali
region/South Ossetia as are provided for the rest of
Goals, Economic Relations
- Enhance grassroots-level trade across the dividing lines through the creation of logistical and legal conditions for access to markets and goods, as well as through financial incentives for increased trade, inter alia the establishment of avenues for economic interaction.
- Restore and enhance agricultural and agribusiness productivity, and promote and encourage social and community activities across the dividing lines, through the creation of special economic zones, such as integrated socio-economic and/or other zones that straddle the dividing lines.
- Support access to technologies, knowledge, and finance in key fields, and establish incentives for joint business activities to foster the creation of value-added businesses; key fields include but are not limited to storage, processing, and packaging facilities, with a primary focus on the agricultural sector.
- Create dedicated funds—with the participation of the state, donor community, and private investors—to support joint business activities and projects.
- Seek legal
solutions to enable and encourage the sale of products from Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South
with international regulations and address the issues related to quality system certification, taxation and customs.
- Seek to promote employment opportunities across the dividing lines.
- Provide specific measures for areas close to the dividing lines, which will be considered zones of special attention, in view of their disadvantaged nature in both the economic and security spheres.
- Rehabilitate infrastructure, in particular roads, supply lines for water, telecommunications, as well as other infrastructure, connecting Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia with the rest of Georgia.
- Establish regular bus connections across the dividing lines.
- Rehabilitate and construct schools and hospitals, sport and cultural facilities, and housing and facilities for receiving and returning communities.
- Work to ensure the protection of environment.
- Provide possibilities for native-language education and make Georgian textbooks available for the Georgian-speaking population; develop textbooks in Abkhaz and Ossetian languages in accordance with the curriculum designed by the Georgian Ministry of Education, or for a jointly designed curriculum.
- Establish mechanisms and procedures to enable those educated in Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia to pursue further education in the rest of Georgia or abroad.
- Establish a
framework for residents of Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali
region/South Ossetia to study abroad, through international educational and
exchange programs available to citizens of
- Encourage joint academic-training programs (including vocational education) for the war-affected populations.
- Promote joint research activities.
- Ensure the
application of the right of all citizens of
mechanisms that deliver health care in Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali
frameworks for residents of Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali
region/South Ossetia to receive health care in the rest of
- Enable the
inclusion of the populations of Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali
available medical programs to the residents of Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South
- Support all
forms of interaction between Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali
region/South Ossetia and the rest of
- Create platforms for interaction between interest groups divided by occupation lines, inter alia former combatants, neighbors, mixed families, youth, co-workers, scholars, and voluntary associations.
- Support interaction, dialogue, and trust building among youth separated by dividing lines, using information technologies and other types of electronic communication.
- Enter into
dialogue with diaspora and exile communities with
Preservation of Cultural Heritage and Identity
- Ensure the
protection and development of the cultural heritage and identity of all ethnic
- Taking into
account that the Abkhaz people are an indigenous population of Georgia, the
Georgian Constitution grants the Abkhaz language, together with the Georgian
language, a status of the state language on the
- Seek the support of international bodies, including UNESCO, in the registration and preservation of historical monuments.
- Create an environment that allows for the free exercise of religious rights, including the conduct of religious services in native languages.
activities based on the ethno-cultural commonality of the
Free Flow of Information
- Develop frameworks and platforms for communication that support the free flow of information and pluralism of views across the dividing lines, to counter division and isolation, share perspectives, and build understanding among communities.
- Create frameworks and platforms for the exchange of information, using print and electronic mass media; promote relations among journalists; and introduce new technologies for media exchange.
Legal and Administrative
- Elaborate and initiate the appropriate legal basis and create administrative mechanisms to:
a. Address specific concerns, including but not limited to documents certifying birth, death, marriage, and education;
b. Enable economic and trade activities;
international travel for the populations of Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South
- Support the protection of fundamental human rights and promote the human security of the populations in Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia, including facilitating the work of human-rights activists and groups there; promote protection of the civil and political rights of the populations expelled from Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia, as well as those currently residing in these territories.
mechanisms to monitor the human-rights situation in Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South
- Given the established facts of ethnic cleansing targeting Georgian communities, special concern will be focused on the violation of the rights of ethnic Georgians.
- Invite international organizations to support the abovementioned aims, in particular to create special monitoring missions within the framework of broader international mechanisms tasked with promoting stability on the ground.
Prevention of Natural
In case of Natural
Disaster, the government of
of Georgia will implement these goals through the creation of relevant
governmental institutions in
of Georgia will develop an Action Plan based on the present Strategy, in
cooperation with all stakeholders. The Action Plan will establish detailed and
concrete measures, mechanisms, and procedures, as well as initiating and
introducing amendments to Georgian legislature needed to fulfill the aims of
this Strategy and the Action Plan. The Government of Georgia, through
consultations with the war-affected population, will prioritize the engagement
goals elaborated in the Strategy while developing the Action Plan. The
Government of Georgia recognizes the differing challenges in encouraging
engagement with populations residing in Abkhazia and in the Tskhinvali
In the implementation process of the Strategy, the Government of Georgia will take into consideration and elaborate on valuable and positive experiences previously in place to enable engagement.
The Government of Georgia will seek to establish a reconciliation mechanism to enable Georgian, Abkhaz, and Ossetian people to work toward common approaches to their recent history, with particular attention to the conflicts of the past two decades.
Government of Georgia will continue to engage with the occupying power, within
the framework of the
The Government of Georgia will elaborate and initiate a legal framework that will enable a specially designed financial institution to operate inside Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia, with the purpose of providing services to international organizations and relief agencies, as well as local and international non-governmental organizations that run mutually beneficial programs, and commercial entities that run mutually beneficial business projects and are registered in accordance with Georgian legislation.
The Government of Georgia will raise and allocate financial and other resources for the implementation of the Strategy and Action Plan through national and international instruments.