THE ACT of Restoration of Statehood Independence of Georgia, ADOPTED AT THE
EXTRAORDINARY SESSION OF THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF GEORGIA
As a result of annexation and abolishment of Georgian statehood by the
Russian Empire in the 19th century, the Georgian Nation lost its centuries-old
statehood. The Georgian people have never reconciled itself with the lost of
independence. Georgia's abolished
statehood had been restored through the Declaration of Independence on 26 May, 1918. The Georgian Democratic
Republic, with the Constitution and State representative bodies elected on the
principles of multi-party elections, was founded.
In February- March 1921, the Soviet Russia
grossly violated the 1920, May 7 Peace Agreement and through the military
aggression occupied Georgia, the very State it
previously recognized, that resulted in its de facto annexation.
Georgia had not joined the
Soviet Union voluntarily. Its Statehood still exists, the
Independence Act and Constitution are of legal force today, since the Government
of the Democratic Republic did not sign an act of capitulation and continued
its activities in immigration.
The whole period of Georgia being forcefully
incorporated in the Soviet Union, has been characterized by
bloody terror and repressions and the tragedy of 9 April 1989 was the last manifestation of the aforementioned. The
clandestine war against Georgia is still going on.
This war aims to undermine Georgia's aspiration to
freedom and democracy.
The Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia,
elected through multi-party, democratic election on 28 October 1990, and
referring to unanimous will of the population of Georgia expressed during the
31 March referendum, resolves and
publicly declares the restoration of Georgian Statehood independence based on
the 1918 26 May Independence Act.
The territory of the Republic of Georgia is unified and
indivisible. Only the Constitution of the Republic of Georgia and its
Authorities are supreme on its territory. Any action directed at limitation of
supremacy of the Authorities of the Republic of Georgia or undermining its
territorial integrity shall be regarded as an interference
into internal affairs of the sovereign State, act of aggression and gross
violation of norms of international law.
Primacy of the International Law over the laws
of the Republic of Georgia and direct
application of its norms on the territory of Georgia is declared to be
one of the most fundamental principles of the Constitution of the Republic of Georgia.
The Republic of Georgia strives to occupy
its worthy place in the international community of States, acknowledges and
guarantees human, national, ethnic, religious and linguistic rights and
freedoms of its population in accordance with the Charter of the United
Nations, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, International Pacts and
The Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia declares that it
will firmly adhere to the universally recognized principles of political,
economic and cultural cooperation with other States.
Restoration of Statehood Independence of the Republic of Georgia fully complies
with the Charter of the United Nations, the Helsinki and Vienna Acts,
which acknowledge and strengthen the right of all nations to independently
decide the political fate of their countries.
The Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia
hopes that the international community of States shall not remain indifferent
to this legitimate and fair step undertaken by the Georgian people and shall
acknowledge the restoration of Statehood Independence of Georgia, which would
be one of the most solid guarantees for the security of the Republic of
Signed by the members of the Supreme Council of
the Republic of Georgia and the Government
Tbilisi, 9 April 1991
of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia, 1991, # 4, p. 26-27)